Although some of the reefs here can be a little difficult to find, this is the best easily-accessible snorkeling spot on Providenciales. The most impressive reef can be found in the deeper water off the point between the west and central access. Be aware of boats in the area if you stray away from the reefs.
5-star rating for Smith's Reef by Visit Turks and Caicos Islands
Majestic and typically larger than the more common brown stingray, Eagle rays are usually the highlight of a Smith’s reef visit. The most likely place to spot one of these impressive sea animals is in the channel between the inner and outer reefs at Smith’s Reef West.
Smith’s Reef is a beautiful snorkeling site off central Providenciales, and comprises several distinct reefs systems and coral heads. The outer reefs at Smith’s Reef are the best easily-accessible beach snorkeling site on the island.
Smith’s Reef is located near Turtle Cove on the north coast of Providenciales, and about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Grace Bay. It’s possible to walk along the beach from Grace Bay to Smith’s Reef, yet many will find the distance too far to be pleasant.
There are several reefs in the area, with sites suitable for novice and experienced snorkelers alike.
Fish, Coral, and Marine Life
The variety of wildlife and coral sightings at Smith’s Reef vary quite a bit by each individual reef, yet nearly every reef offers great arrays of colorful reef fish.
The larger creatures include green turtles, hawksbill turtles, southern brown stingrays, and majestic spotted eagle rays.
The brilliantly patterned Flamingo tongue sea snail can usually be spotted on the sea fans and soft corals at Smith’s Reef.
There are so many colorful and unique fish to see at Smith's Reef, including stoplight parrotfish, queen angelfish, French angelfish, butterfly fish, porcupinefish, trumpetfish, yellowtail snapper, squirrelfish, damselfish, rock hinds, French grunts, filefish, bluehead wrasse, indigo hamlets, horse-eye jacks, barracudas, and many more.
Under the ledges are spiny lobsters, slipper lobsters, banded coral shrimp, spotted moray eels, and channel crabs.
There’s a wide array of hard and soft corals, sea fans, sponges and other sessile animals, which tend to be in healthier conditions than what’s found at many of the other easily-accessed snorkeling sites on Providenciales.
At night, different creatures emerge, including squids, shrimp, large sea worms, sea snails, and the occasional octopus.
If you can fit it in your vacation schedule, revisiting to snorkel at night can be very rewarding. It’s necessary to have a dive light when night snorkeling, as even regular flashlights advertised as waterproof tend to eventuality be destroyed by corrosive seawater seeping into the light. See Providenciales Water Sports Shopping.
Reef Safe Sunscreen:
Please use reef safe sunscreen when in the Turks and Caicos. Common types of sunscreen that contain oxybenzone and octinoxate cause lasting and significant damage to corals and reefs.
Many interesting animals can be seen at Smith’s Reef if you look carefully. Here two different types of plume worms can be seen on a coral head.
The Smith’s Reef area has three public beach accesses, and each offer interesting sights. It can be a little difficult to find some of the reefs, so reference our Smith’s Reef map for walking distances and more information.
The reefs near the north access and off the rocky point are the best in the area. The two systems close to shore shelter large number of fish, yet the coral is a little drab compared to the deeper section of reef, which is found across a 100 foot (30 m) wide and 18 foot (5.5 m) deep channel.
Two reefs extend out from the beach in this area. The coral isn’t quite as vibrant as at the north access, yet there’s lush seagrass, southern brown stingrays, turtles, and large numbers of parrotfish.
The east access offers several small coral heads quite close to the beach. This is an excellent choice when visiting with children due to the shallow water and the short swimming distance.
There typically isn’t any sightings of the larger sea creatures, yet juvenile reef fish, squids, and coral are in abundance.
Ocean Conditions and Dangers
Parrotfish are very common to the reefs off the north coast of Providenciales and Smith’s Reef is no exception. Typically seen browsing and chewing on the reef singularly or in pairs, traveling schools such as these Stoplight Parrotfish can occasionally be seen.
Smith’s Reef is generally a safe and stress-free area to snorkel. The greatest considerations are boat traffic, currents, and lionfish.
Smith’s Reef is located near Turtle Cove Marina, and vessels commonly enter and exit the marina. This traffic travels quite a distance from the popular reefs, yet it’s possible to stray into the entry channel. Don’t snorkel or swim in or near the canal into Turtle Cove Marina, or at the rock jetty at the entrance.
Due to the many reefs and shoals, nearly all boats entering Turtle Cove Marina closely follow the same route, so it’s easy to get an idea of which areas to avoid if you watch a boat or two.
Currents and Water Movement
There can be a strong current at times at Smith’s Reef. The largest reef in the area is located off a small point of land, and normal tide changes can accelerate water movement around the point. This current travels parallel with the beach, and subsides significantly after a short distance.
This current generally isn’t a major concern or danger if you understand how it works. If you find yourself in the current, simply swim at a comfortable pace towards shore, and don’t try to fight your way back against the water movement. You may end up a short distance from your starting point, but it’ll only take a minute to walk back up the coast.
If there are abnormal weather or storm conditions present, it’s best to avoid swimming in the ocean.
Strong wind conditions can cause choppy waves, which can be unpleasant to snorkel in. See Wind, Waves and Tide for a forecast and more details.
The red lionfish (Pterois volitans) can be found in the Turks and Caicos. This invasive and predatory species from the Indo-Pacific is now common throughout the warmer Atlantic and Caribbean.
Lionfish have venomous spines which are able to give very painful stings, which in worst case scenarios can cause temporary seizures or paralysis. They are very unaggressive and tend to stay close to the reef, yet are easier to approach than other fish. We advise keeping a safe distance from these fish.
In the rare cases of a sting, nearly all situations were swimmers or snorkelers who inadvertently contacted the lionfish, and were not aggressively attacked. If you see a lionfish, be sure to give it a few feet to be safe. Other animals and corals can also sting, so be sure not to touch or stand on the reef!
Lionfish are also quite damaging to the reef environment as they consume incredible amounts of the smaller reef fish and have no known natural predators in the Atlantic and Caribbean regions. Regional efforts are being made to remove lionfish, largely by promoting the consumption of the fish. Mature adults reach a length of about 14 inches (35 cm).
It’s very uncommon to spot a shark at Smith’s Reef. If you’re very lucky, you may spot a docile nurse shark.
Southern brown sting rays and spotted eagle rays, which are closely-related to sharks, are typical sightings at Smith’s Reef.
Important Snorkeling Guidelines
School of Horse-eye Jacks at Smith's Reef, Providenciales.
As with all reefs in the Turks and Caicos, great care must be taken to preserve and protect the coral and natural environment. Smith's Reef is part of the Princess Alexandra National Park. It is illegal to fish, collect conch and lobster, or take any natural object.
Don’t touch or stand on anything. Coral is a living animal and you will likely kill or severely harm any part you contact.
Ensure not to brush anything with your fins, camera or other gear.
Don’t take anything. This includes all shells, sand dollars, sea urchins, starfish and small pieces of coral. Many seashells that appear to not have a living animal will be re-purposed by hermit crabs, brittle star starfish, and octopuses.