Columbus Landfall National Park in the Turks and Caicos The Cockburn Town waterfront is part of the Columbus Landfall National Park.
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Columbus Landfall National Park

Grand Turk
National Park Information
Do Not Take Artifacts
Do Not Take Shells or Coral
Do Not Touch Fish or Coral
No Fishing
Editor's Comments
The best beaches and dive sites of Grand Turk are found in this protected area, including Cockburn Town Beach, Governor’s Beach, and the Cruise Center Beach.
5-star rating for Columbus Landfall National Park by Visit Turks and Caicos Islands
Beach in the Columbus Landfall National Park on Grand Turk
The Columbus Landfall National Park includes the entire west coast of Grand Turk.

The Columbus Landfall National Park is the largest protected area on Grand Turk, and consists of the entirety of the island’s west coast beaches to the high tide mark, the west coast barrier reef, and the ocean between them.

Included in the national park are many of the best beaches on Grand Turk, including Governor's Beach, Cockburn Town Beach, the Cruise Center Beach, Pillory Beach, and English Point.

The national park also protects and includes more than two dozen scuba dive sites. Several of the country’s top wall sites are here, where the depth abruptly drops from about 50 feet (15 m) into the thousands.

The total area of the Columbus Landfall National Park is 1280 acres (518 hectares), and the national park has the (NP3) identification code designation by the Turks and Caicos Government.

Columbus’s First Landfall in the New World

Columbus Landfall National Park
Columbus Landfall National Park and Cockburn Town.

As the protected area’s name suggests, Christopher Columbus’s first landfall in the Americas may have been at Grand Turk.

Three islands in the Antilles are commonly thought to be the first point of landfall: Grand Turk, and San Salvador (formerly Watlings Island) and Samana Cay in the Bahamas. The Atlantic North Equatorial Current and the logs of the historic voyage support the case for each possibility.

Much of the landfall theories are based on Columbus’s limited description of a very flat, bean-shaped island with very green trees and a central pond or lagoon. All of the candidate islands at least loosely match the record, not least of which Grand Turk, especially considering that before the development of the salt industry salinas, the inland ponds on the island likely supported dense mangrove forests, exhibiting vibrant green leaves.

Columbus’s account shows that the Taino aborigine’s name for the island of first landfall was Guanahani. Columbus referred to the island as San Salvador.

Fishing Zones

Barrier reef and wall in the Columbus Landfall National Park
Diving on the barrier reef at English Point.

Three non-commercial recreational fishing zones are within the Columbus Landfall National Park.

Only recreational fishing from shore, piers, or jetties is permitted, using light tackle and line with a break weight of 30 pounds or fewer.

Detailed fishing zone information is limited, yet one area identified as a recreational shore fishing zone begins at about the mid-way point of Duke Street in Cockburn Town, and continues north, including the coast off of Front Street, to the point where Pillory Beach begins.

Guidelines and Regulations

As in any protected area in the Turks and Caicos, littering, and the removal of any natural object or historical artifact is illegal.

Open fires, and playing loud music to the discomfort of others is also prohibited.